Opiates are among the most effective painkillers known to man for many years. But a short-sighted use of the drug has resulted in the abuse of these drugs resulting in widespread addiction. Opiate addiction in Colorado is no exception to this phenomenon of self induced destruction.
With regular long term use of opiates, people became dependent or addicted towards it. With the developments in chemical science in 19th century and invention of the hypodermic needle in 1853, the misuse of opiate drugs like heroin has increased rapidly. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the nonmedical painkiller usage in Colorado, is 19 percent higher than the national average. In past 10 years the rate of death due to opiates has doubled.
The drug is extracted from the opium poppy, which contains the narcotic opioid alkaloids occurring naturally. The psycho pharmaceutical substances that are present in opium are namely morphine, heroin, thebaine and codeine which proved to have treacherous effects on the central nervous system. About twenty four alkaloids, including noscapine and papaverine are present in opium.
There’s no doubt that opioids excel as a painkiller, but with the abuse or long term use of this drug has also proved to be dreadful. The drug acutely attacks the Central Nervous System. The patient suffers from analgesia, drowsiness, insomnia, depression, mood swings, respiratory depression, gastrointestinal motility decreases, nausea, pupil does not respond to light. People who are addicted to the drug retain a continuous carving for it and a sense of being in utopia. The fear of severe effects like hypothermia, sweating, akathisia, hallucinations, rhinitis, myoclonus, tachycardia, headache, urticaria, delirium, muscle rigidity, restlessness causes the patient or victim to continue intake. Sudden increase in opioid levels in the body can prove to be fatal.
Groups of scientists from the University of Colorado Boulder and the University of Adelaide, Australia have invented a way for aversion to opiate including heroin and morphine. The scientists have used (+)-naloxone which stops the production of dopamine (a chemical substance that acts as a neurotransmitter in the brain) which in return blocks the need for opioids. This revolutionary invention can provide effective treatment against opiate addiction.
Many rehabilitation centers help people to overcome opiate addiction return back to mainstream society to lead a healthy life once again. The care and love of near and dear ones is vital to induce such effects in the victim.