Oxycodone is a narcotic drug produced by synthesis of thebaine- an opium alkaloid obtained from poppy. After the development of oxycodone in Germany in 1916, it has been used since in medical purposes as a pain killer or as a relief to chronic pain. If the drug is given to an opiate intolerant person, an overdose of oxycodone results in miosis, bradycardia, apnea, and hypotension and sometimes proved to be fatal. Regular intake of oxycodone becomes an addiction and the person becomes dependent on it. A patient shows many symptoms such as nausea, anxiety, fevers, panic attack, weakness, insomnia and sudden discontinuity of the drug proves to be hazardous. In order to recover from its effect and live a healthy life, an addicted person must undergo an oxycodone recovery program.
With regular use of oxycodone for a week or more, a person can get addicted to the drug. After addiction the body starts craving for more and the patient starts showing withdrawal symptoms if consumption is stopped. This craving hits a stage where the person is willing to do anything in order to get the next high. This is when a person cannot recover himself from addiction and requires a rehabilitation or recovery center.
During the recovery program, the patient is given methadone or Suboxone that stabilizes the severe carving of the drug. There are mainly three stages of the recovery program:
- Medical detox
- Rapid opiate detox
- Methadone or Suboxone therapy
Medical detox or simply withdrawal of the drug is the initial stage of the recovery where the patient is helped to overcome and resist the strong craving of oxycodone. It is the preliminary stage that prepares the patient to fully compromise and participate in the treatment.
Rapid opiate detox is a stage where the patient is kept under anesthesia, so the patient is asleep during the worst part of the craving. The rapid or ultra-rapid detox is not recommended unless it is in the initial stage because patients waking from anesthesia still retain the craving and feel considerable discomfort. This process is more dangerous and expensive than the medical detox.
The patient treated with methadone or Suboxone has the best shot in recovering from addiction. Sometimes buprenophine or naltrexone is also prescribed to control opiate addiction. These medicines work as a substitute for oxycodone and show no withdrawal symptoms. This stabilizes the cravings and along with medication assisted therapy, one can get back to lead a healthy life.